Cancers We Treat Gynecologic Cancer Diagnosis

Dr. Crozier sits with a patient in front of a window, the St. John's River seem flowing in the background.

DOING THE RESEARCH Learn More About Your Diagnosis

Wherever you are in this journey, we are here to help you process everything you need to know in a supportive and informative way.

At Baptist MD Anderson Cancer Center in Jacksonville, Florida, we believe knowledge is power. That’s why our team is made up of multiple specialists, including oncologists, radiologists, surgeons and nurses. Our patients receive care based on the same processes as MD Anderson Cancer Center.

We continually research every aspect of cancer so that we can gently guide you through your care.


DEFINING, DIAGNOSING AND TREATING Types of Gynecologic Cancer

Gynecologic cancer refers to a group of different forms of cancer. While symptoms and treatment may be similar in some cases, each type of gynecologic cancer is unique. Because each cancer type is complex, we work as a team to make sure your treatment plan is tailored to you.

  • Ovarian Cancer

    What is Ovarian Cancer?

    Ovarian cancer begins in the ovaries and is the fifth most common cancer among women. While the cause of ovarian cancer is unknown, women ages 55 and older are generally at a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer.

  • Primary Peritoneal Cancer

    WHAT IS PRIMARY PERITONEAL CANCER?

    Primary peritoneal cancer is a relatively rare cancer that begins in a layer of tissue inside of the abdomen called the peritoneum. The peritoneum lines the abdomen, covering the uterus, bladder, and rectum. While primary peritoneal cancer often acts similar to ovarian cancer and is typically treated the same way, these types of cancers are distinctly different. Primary peritoneal cancer is more common in women, but can occur in men, too.

  • Fallopian Tube Cancer

    WHAT IS FALLOPIAN TUBE CANCER?

    Fallopian tube cancer is one of the rarest forms of gynecologic cancer. Secondary fallopian tube cancer, which is when a cancer starts in another part of the body and spreads to the fallopian tubes, is much more common. The two main types of fallopian tube cancer start in the lining of the fallopian tubes.

  • Endometrial/Uterine Cancer

    WHAT IS ENDOMETRIAL OR UTERINE CANCER?

    Uterine sarcoma is a rare cancer of the uterus (womb). It is not the same as endometrial cancer, a much more common cancer that starts in the lining of the uterus. Uterine sarcoma most often starts in the muscle underneath that lining.

    Endometrial cancer is cancer that starts in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus (womb). Endometrial cancer is the most common type of uterine cancer.

  • Cervical Cancer

    WHAT IS CERVICAL CANCER?

    Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina. Cervical cancer is the third most common type of cancer in women, but is much less common in the United States because of routine Pap smears.

  • Vaginal Cancer

    WHAT IS VAGINAL CANCER?

    Most vaginal cancers occur when another cancer, such as cervical or endometrial cancer, spreads. This is called secondary vaginal cancer.

    Cancer that starts in the vagina is called primary vaginal cancer. This type of cancer is much more rare. Most primary vaginal cancers start in skin-like cells called squamous cells. Other types of squamous cell cancers include adenocarcinoma, melanoma and sarcoma.

  • Vulvar Cancer

    WHAT IS VULVAR CANCER?

    Vulvar cancer is a rare cancer that starts in the vulva. Vulvar cancer most often affects the labia, the folds of skin outside the vagina. In some cases, vulvar cancer starts on the clitoris or in glands on the sides of the vaginal opening.

    Most vulvar cancers begin in skin cells called squamous cells.

  • Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/Choriocarcinoma

    WHAT IS GTD/CHORIOCARCINOMA?

    Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) refers to a group of rare tumors that occur inside a woman's uterus. Unlike endometrial or uterine cancer, GTD does not develop from cells of the uterus. These tumors start in the cells that would normally make up the placenta during pregnancy.

    Choriocarcinoma is a malignant and fast-growing type of gestational trophoblastic disease that almost always occurs as an abnormal pregnancy or after a pregnancy. This form of GTD is much more likely spread to organs away from the uterus.

GYNECOLOGIC CANCER Common Diagnostic Tests

Accurate diagnosis is a major part of Baptist MD Anderson’s unique approach to cancer care.

  • PELVIC EXAM
  • HPV TEST
  • SCOPE
  • BLOOD TEST
  • BIOPSY
  • ULTRASOUND
  • CT SCAN
  • X-RAY
  • MRI
  • PET SCAN

GYNECOLOGIC CANCER Staging

The stage of a cancer refers to how much it has grown and whether the tumor has spread from its original location. There are five stages of cancer, stage 0 - stage 4. Stage 4 is when cancer cells have spread to multiple areas of the body. Knowing the stage of your cancer helps your doctor decide on the best treatment option for you.

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GETTING THE RIGHT DIAGNOSIS Second Opinions

A second opinion can be a game-changer for patients. While it is rare for a diagnosis to change from malignant to benign, a second opinion may reveal other information. Our team verifies whether your staging is correct, your tumor size is correct and your overall assessment is correct. All of these factors can affect which treatment options you are offered.

Contact Us

If you have any questions, we have you covered. We have nurse navigators available to guide you through every step of your care. Request an appointment or speak to a nurse navigator by phone or online.

OUR LOCATION Gynecologic Cancer Clinic

Within our specialized clinics we bring our team of experts together to care for your mind, body and spirit. Each of our clinics are singularly focused on your specific needs and treatment.

Need Directions? The gynecologic cancer clinic is located in the main Baptist MD Anderson Cancer Center on Floor 7 of our cancer center.

For screening and prevention, services are located across the street:

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Find a Doctor

Our care team brings medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgeons and other specialists together for each patient.

FOR WHATEVER STEP IS NEXT, Baptist MD Anderson is Here for You

Wherever you are in your journey, we’re here to help you in your fight against cancer. Our team of experts can help you navigate the whirlwind of emotions and decisions through every aspect of your care.

"I make sure to take the time with each patient and make sure they understand their diagnosis and feel comfortable."

— Stephen Buckley, MD (Gynecologic Oncology Surgeon)