Cancers We Treat Finding Urologic Cancer Early

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UNDERSTANDING UROLOGIC CANCER Early Detection

With urologic cancer, screening is only available to certain types, like prostate cancer. Typically, there are no screenings for other forms of urologic cancer, making it vitally important to stay informed of the signs and risks.

At Baptist MD Anderson, we follow MD Anderson’s model of outstanding patient care, research, prevention and education. Our commitment is to bring world-renowned cancer care close to home.

ASSESSING YOUR RISK What is a Risk Factor?

When cancer develops as a result of an inherited qualities, the risks of cancer may be much higher and cancers tend to occur at younger ages. At Baptist MD Anderson, we offer genetic counseling services to help assess patients and their family members for inherited cancer syndromes or cancer predisposition.

DETECTING CANCER EARLY Urologic Cancer Symptoms & Risk Factors

Because urologic cancer refers to a group of different kinds of cancer, your symptoms and risk factors vary drastically based on the type and location of cancer.

  • BLADDER CANCER

    SYMPTOMS OF BLADDER CANCER

    See your doctor if you have the following symptoms on a daily basis for more than a few weeks:

    • Changes in bladder habits
    • Painful urination
    • Frequent urination
    • Having the urge to urinate

    RISK FACTORS OF BLADDER CANCER

    • Smoking
    • Exposure to industrial chemicals
    • Not drinking enough fluids
    • Race and ethnicity (white)
    • Age (older than 55)
    • Gender (male)
    • Chronic bladder irritation and infections
    • Personal history of bladder or other urothelial cancer
    • Bladder birth defects
    • Family history
    • Treatment with cyclophosphamide or arsenic
  • KIDNEY CANCER

    SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY CANCER

    See your doctor if you have the following symptoms on a daily basis for more than a few weeks:

    • A lump or mass on the side or lower back
    • Unexplained fever for a few weeks
    • Rapid weight loss
    • Lingering dull ache or pain in the side, abdomen or lower back
    • Feeling fatigued or in poor health
    • Swelling of ankles and legs

    RISK FACTORS OF KIDNEY CANCER

    • Smoking
    • Exposure to industrial chemicals
    • Family history
    • High blood pressure
    • Certain medicines (phenacetin, diuretics)
    • Advanced kidney disease
    • Gender (male)
    • Race and ethnicity (African Americans, Native Americans)
    • Genetic conditions
  • PENILE CANCER

    SYMPTOMS OF PENILE CANCER

    See your doctor if you have the following symptoms on a daily basis for more than a few weeks:

    • Change in the skin of the penis
    • Wart-like growth or lesion that may or may not be painful
    • Open sore that won't heal
    • Reddish rash
    • Small, crusty bumps
    • Flat, bluish-brown growths
    • Swelling at the end of the penis
    • Persistent, smelly discharge under the foreskin
    • Swollen lymph nodes in the groin if the cancer has spread

    RISK FACTORS OF PENILE CANCER

    • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
    • Not being circumcised
    • Phimosis and smegma
    • Smoking
    • Age (over 55)
    • Having AIDS
  • PROSTATE CANCER

    SYMPTOMS OF PROSTATE CANCER

    See your doctor if you have the following symptoms on a daily basis for more than a few weeks:

    • Painful or burning urination
    • Inability to urinate or difficulty in starting to urinate
    • Difficulty trying to hold back urination
    • Weak or interrupted urine flow
    • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
    • Trouble emptying the bladder completely
    • Blood in the urine or semen
    • Continual pain in the lower back, pelvis, hips or thighs
    • Difficulty having an erection

    RISK FACTORS OF PROSTATE CANCER

    • Age (older than 55)
    • Family history
    • Race (African-American)
    • Diet
    • Nationality (more prevalent in North America and northwestern Europe)
  • TESTICULAR CANCER

    SYMPTOMS OF TESTICULAR CANCER

    See your doctor if you have the following symptoms on a daily basis for more than a few weeks:

    • Small, hard lump that is often painless
    • Change in consistency of the testicles
    • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
    • Dull ache in the lower abdomen or the groin
    • Sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
    • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
    • Breast growth or loss of sexual desire
    • In boys, growth of facial and body hair at an abnormally young age
    • Lower back pain if cancer spreads

    RISK FACTORS OF TESTICULAR CANCER

    • Age(between 15 and 40)
    • Race (White/Caucasian)
    • Family or personal history of testicular cancer
    • Undescended testicle (cryptorchidism)
    • Abnormal testicular development
    • Klinefelter's syndrome
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or AIDS
    • Previous treatment for testicular cancer
  • URETHRAL CANCER

    SYMPTOMS OF URETHRAL CANCER

    See your doctor if you have the following symptoms on a daily basis for more than a few weeks:

    • lumps or growths on the urethra
    • blood in the urine
    • urinating often or feeling a frequent urge to urinate without passing much urine
    • pain, low flow or dribbling while urinating
    • enlarged lymph nodes in the groin area
    • discharge from the urethra

    RISK FACTORS OF URETHRAL CANCER

    • Chronic irritation or inflammation of the urinary tract
    • Other cancers of the urinary tract (such as bladder cancer)
    • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or history of other STDs
    • Gender (female)
    • Age (over 60)
    • Race (African American)
A senior patient lays at the entrance of an MRI machine.

PREVENTION & EARLY DETECTION Screening for Prostate Cancer

The goal of screening is to find cancer at an early stage before it has caused symptoms. To be considered successful, a screening test should lead to treatments that prolong life or reduce discomfort and improve the quality of life.

Two standard screening tests are used for early detection of prostate cancer:

  • PSA blood test
  • Digital rectal examination (DRE)

The American Urological Association (AUS) recommends the test primarily for men ages 55 to 69 years, after a similar discussion of risks and benefits, with retesting every 2 years.

Contact Us

If you have any questions, we have you covered. We have nurse navigators available to guide you through every step of your care. Request an appointment or speak to a nurse navigator by phone or online.

OUR LOCATION Genitourinary (GU) Cancer Clinic

Within our specialized, multidisciplinary clinics, we bring together our team of experts to care for your mind, body and spirit - all under one roof. Each of our clinics are singularly focused on your specific needs and treatment.

Need Directions? The genitourinary (GU) cancer clinic is located in the main Baptist MD Anderson Cancer Center on Floor 6.

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Find a Doctor

Our care team brings medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgeons and other specialists together for each patient.

FOR WHATEVER STEP IS NEXT, Baptist MD Anderson is Here for You

Wherever you are in your journey, we’re here to help you in your fight against cancer. Our team of experts can help you navigate the whirlwind of emotions and decisions through every aspect of your care.